the History of African Americans In Chicago.

The history of African Americans in Chicagodates back to Jean Baptiste Point du Sable’s trading activities in the 1780s. Du Sable is the city's founder.[1] Fugitive slaves and freedmenestablished the city’s first black community in the 1840s. By the late 19th century, the first black person had been elected to office.
The Great Migrations from 1910 to 1960 brought hundreds of thousands of blacks from the South to Chicago, where they became an urban population. They created churches, community organizations, important businesses, music, and literature. African Americans of all classes built a community on the South Side of Chicago for decades before the Civil Rights Movement, as well as on the West Side of Chicago. Residing in segregated communities, almost regardless of income, the Black residents of Chicago aimed to create communities where they could survive, sustain themselves, and have the ability to determine for themselves their own course in Chicago history.
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